How to make premature babies grow up as quickly as possible
The baby’s growth and development starts from the beginning. Premature babies are inferior to normal babies in all aspects and are prone to lack of energy to feed. They need more patience from parents.
Principles for premature babies to consume breast milk instead of premature babies. To restore normal growth and development, sufficient nutrition must be added. Premature babies’ physiological functions are not perfect, and they must be replaced with breast milk whenever possible.
Breast milk is rich in lactalbumin, the amino acids in it can promote the growth of babies, and breast milk contains a variety of antibodies, which are more valuable for the health of premature babies.
Breast-fed premature babies are less likely to develop indigestive diarrhea and other infections, and their weight will gradually increase.
Premature babies with insufficient breast milk and low weight need to be fed with iron-fortified formula. Specially added calcium, phosphorus, sodium and vitamins should be added to the formula.
Feeding premature babies after inhalation requires more nutrients than normal babies, but the physiological characteristics of premature babies are oriented towards their absorption of nutrients.
Premature babies have poor sucking abilities, are not sensitive to swallowing reflexes, and are too fast or too fast to suck milk. For babies who cannot suck or have weak sucking power, the mother should use a breast pump to suckle on time and then suck itFeed your baby with milk.
Premature babies who eat less and eat more often have too much stomach capacity and poor digestive function in the upstream tract. Eating too much milk may cause gastric storage and cause milk spillage. In severe cases, it may cause indigestion and diarrhea.
Eating less and eating more food can effectively mediate the contradiction between the baby’s physiological characteristics and nutritional needs.
New mothers can change the interval when feeding the baby, and the milk volume gradually increases from small to large, so that the baby’s fragile digestive system has enough time to adjust itself.
Reasonable addition of complementary foods to premature babies plus complementary foods need to refer to the degree of physiological development, that is, the number of months after birth is called the number of months of premature birth.
For example: if the baby is now 6 months old, but was born two months earlier, the developmental age of the baby should be 4 months (six minus two).
It indicates that the functional maturity of the organs in the body is equivalent to that of a normal 4 month full-term baby, so the diet is also treated similarly.
Babies born in normal term also start to add complementary food after three or four months.
After 4 months of full-term babies, you can use egg yolks as a food supplement for your baby.
The iron stored in newborn babies mainly comes from the mother’s body, and the amount is very limited. It is only enough to make blood for four or five months after birth.
Premature and multi-baby babies get enough iron from their mothers. The younger the gestational age, the greater the number of fetuses, and the less iron content in the body.
Correct supplements for premature babies Premature babies should pay attention to the basic principles of diet, but also focus on supplementing the nutrients needed for the physical development of premature babies.
Premature babies often encounter a lot of constraints to reach the appropriate weight, such as swallowing ability, small intestinal dysfunction, gastroesophageal reflux and malabsorption reactions, poor digestion of sugars, etc., all are the reasons for energy utilization.
Premature babies with the smallest isolation after coming out of the incubator. When there is not much energy storage, using the heat required for growth to maintain body temperature will also reduce the subcutaneous aunt and increase the metabolic rate.
Premature babies with breast milk and fortifiers should not only feed enough milk to the baby every day, but also be able to tolerate 100 ml (100 mL / kg) per kilogram of body weight per day for premature babies.
d) After ingestion of breast milk, reach sufficient intake (100 mL / kg.
d) Before use.
Breast milk boosters for your baby can enhance your baby’s energy absorption.
If formulated according to the standard fortified breast milk heat card density can reach 80 kcal / dL (80 kcal per liter per day).
However, if you need to consult a doctor when your baby has a chronic disease, you may need to increase the formulation of breast milk fortifier because your baby needs more energy at this time.
While strengthening breast milk, you need to provide your baby with extra protein.
Because even breast milk is fortified, the amount of energy or protein intake is still less than expected due to the increase in breast milk composition.
After 3 months of pregnancy, the baby’s small intestine has established an active transport system for amino acids, and the liver can also synthesize major plasma proteins.
Therefore, premature babies have the ability to digest and absorb proteins.
In addition to breastfeeding after your baby is born, you should also feed your baby with premature infant formula to supplement your baby with protein in a timely manner.
Breast milk + formula milk Premature breast milk has different ingredients from term breast milk, and its nutritional value and biological function are more suitable for the needs of premature babies.
The high protein content in preterm breast milk is conducive to the rapid growth of premature babies; the proper ratio of whey protein to casein is also beneficial to digestion and accelerate gastric emptying.
However, when the baby’s digestive system gradually recovers and the body grows faster, the nutrition of breast milk will not keep up with the growth of premature babies. At this time, mothers can add some breast milk fortifiers or formula for premature babies.
The protein content of preterm infant formula is higher, which can reach about 2.
0/100 kcal (2.
0 per kilocalorie), this protein / energy ratio (P: E) is more conducive to the weight gain and physical structure of premature babies close to their intrauterine growth and development.
In terms of protein composition, the ratio of whey protein to casein is preferably 60:40 or 70:30.
The amino acid composition of whey protein is more suitable for the rapidly growing physiological needs of premature babies, allowing premature babies to absorb more protein.
Lipid is a very important component in the baby’s brain composition. The baby’s brain development requires 60% lipid.
Lipids include fatty acids and lipidoids, and lipidoids are primarily lecithin.
Sufficient lecithin is the key to the baby’s brain development. Premature babies leave the mother’s body early, and lipid supplementation cannot keep up. This will affect the baby’s brain development, so premature babies should pay attention to lipid supplementation.
Among fatty acids, medium chain fatty acid (MCT) is an ideal source of lipids for premature babies, and its absorption does not require the participation of bile salts. The content of medium chain fatty acids in preterm formula should be around 40%, which is easy for the baby to digest and absorb.
Premature babies cannot digest lactose sufficiently early in life, because lactase is the last disaccharide enzyme that appears during the baby’s birth.
Since preterm babies have lower intestinal lactase activity than full-term babies, reducing the lactose ratio and replacing them with other carbohydrates can help.
Formulas for preterm infants usually include a carbohydrate mixture of 40% to 50% lactose and 50% to 60% polydextrose. When paired with breast milk, it can provide the baby with the required heat without increasing blood osmotic pressure.
Premature babies have low levels of vitamin accumulation and low absorption at birth, but they have high demand and are prone to vitamin deficiency.
Although vitamin fortification is performed in preterm infant formula, in the first few weeks of life, due to low milk intake, it cannot meet the needs of all vitamins, especially vitamins A, D, K, E and folic acid, But this situation will gradually improve.
Two-thirds of the baby’s mineral reserves are completed in the last two months of pregnancy.
After birth, it is very difficult to make the mineral deposition of premature babies reach the rate of late pregnancy, and when the mineral supply is insufficient, it will cause growth and development disorders.
Premature infant formula has added more calcium, phosphorus, iron, sodium, copper and selenium to meet the baby’s needs for rapid growth.
Premature babies have a low ability to dilute and concentrate the kidneys. This situation can cause dehydration if the water supply to the baby is insufficient.
On the contrary, when the daily liquid supply exceeds the baby’s kidney metabolic capacity, it will cause excessive fluid load and affect the baby’s heart.
The supplement of water is also a place that new mothers have to pay great attention to. When the baby’s weight is less than 2Kg, the required water should be 80 ~ 180ml / Kg.
Tips: Premature infant formula can supplement the deficiency of various nutrients in breast milk.
In general, milk for premature babies weighing less than 2000 grams is a mix of breast milk and breast milk fortifiers or formula for premature babies, but at the same time breast milk must be preferred.